Is the European Commission the most powerful institution of the institutional triangle?

Yes
88% (144 votes)
No
12% (20 votes)
Total votes: 164

Comments

It has agenda setting power... thats why i think it is the most powerfull EU institution.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 9
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

The European Commission is one of the main institutions of the European Union. The Commission has the right of initiative and according to this right, the Council and the Parliament can take decisions only on the basis of a Commission proposal. The Commission is supposed to adopt legislative proposals based on what is best for the Union and its citiziens. 

The European Commission is the most powerful institution because it initiates the legislative process, without the Commission there would be no legislative process. The proponent has the power, in this case the Commission. Because the Commission has the monopoly of legislative initiative it provides the power of agenda setting.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 9
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

The European Union has a strongly institutional framework, with many and different institutions, the Treaties give the institutions different rights and attributions. The four main institutions of the European Community are the Parliament, the Council, the Commission and the Court of Justice. According to the founding treaties, the monopoly over the power of initiative was considered as a guarantee of impartiality and expertise over the policy suggestions that were submitted as the “institutional triangle” of the European Union, constituted of the Commission, the Council of Ministers, and, with a gradually growing role over the years, the European Parliament. All this three institutions represent different interests in the European Union: the European Parliament represents the interests of European Citizens, the European Commission serve the interests of the European Union, the Council of the European Union serve the member state governments.

It is essential to overview the original attributions of the European Commission as outlined by the treaties. This overview will help explain why the European Commission was described as the core of the European institutional triangle. The most important two attributions assigned in Treaties are: European Commission has the right of legislative initiative (agenda setting) and the role of “guardian of the treaties”.                     

The European Commission has got the legislative initiative, its proposal being needed for all new legislation, it monitors compliance with legislation and with the Treaties, and administers common policies. According to this, the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament can only legislate on the basis of a Commission proposal. The Commission applies its power of initiative by building on three main tasks: one, an exclusive right of initiative (the Commission was supposed to be able to adopt legislative proposals that would be based on  the most advanced national legislation or on innovative regulation that pursued the interest of the entire Union); two, the power to amend proposals (after having adopted a legislative proposal, the Commission has the right to amend it during the decision-making process, it can facilitate the adoption of a legislative act by the Council if a majority of Member States are ready to agree with the content of a proposed measure); and three, the power to eliminate proposals (this is possible when, first the proposal is no longer relevant because of external evolutions; second, there is a serious risk that the legislator adopts an act that goes beyond the objective of the proposal; third, there is a serious risk that the legislator depreciate the content of the proposal.                                 

Then, the role of “guardian of the Treaties”, intending to guarantee that both the Treaties and secondary legislation are correctly applied. In this role, the Commission can start judicial procedures and take Member States or other institutions before the Court of Justice. It investigates treaty abuses. It can, for instance, institute legal proceedings against Member States or businesses that fail to comply with European law and bring them before the European Court of Justice.

Furthermore, the task to implement legislation through the adoption of executive measures, except for specific cases where the Council of Ministers maintains this power for itself. The executive responsibilities are wide, it manages the European Union’s budget and negotiates trade and competition with other states.

Even though, according to all above, the European Commission is the most powerful institution of the institutional triangle, the limits of the Commission's authority are clearly defined, the European Parliament can make use of a few instruments to control the Commission, like a motion of censure, comitology and implementation of a new legislation.

 

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 15
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

The attributiuons of the European Commission were set forth in such a way that it does not become able to seize all power when it comes to legislating for the EU. However, the role of the Commission is more significant in decision-making than that of the Council and the Parliament.

While the Council of Ministers represents the interests of the national governments of the member states, the Commission can work independently, and does not require or accept instructions from governments or other organisms. The states themselves have vowed to not interfere with the activities of this body. 

I think this lack of intrusion (at least in theory) in the affairs of the Commission is where its true strength and importance come from, and that this is what makes it the most powerful institution in the EU.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 9
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

One of the powers that characterizes Commission is the power of legislative initiative . By Community law , it is conferred almost exclusively the power to propose bills , participating in the formulation and adoption of normative acts of the Council. Analyzing all his duties , might speak of a quasi -monopoly of the Commission as regards the right to make proposals and to have legislative initiative. This is due to the permanent executive powers and their human and material resources.

The Commission has the monopoly of legislative initiative , has the power to set the agenda . Over power is not absolute because the Council may amend unanimously. And this is misleading because it is difficult to obtain unanimity in a Union with 28 member states , therefore , the Commission's power is very high.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 8
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

The European Commission represents the executive element of European Union and its formed by 28 members.Through its function,The Commission represents and supports the interest of EU.The most important role of this institution is that it has legislative power,it can promulgate laws.That’s why people might say it is the most important institution. But,in my opinion in this triangle The Commission-The European Parlament and The Council,all three institution are important in different fields and they can not be powerfull one without the other.For example in the codecision process The Commission is not capable of taking a decision by itself.It is true that The Commision promulgates a law,but in the end all three institutions agree in that matter.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 6
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

The European Commission, or Commission for short, is one of the main supranational institutions in the European Union (EU) and has its headquarters in Brussels. It consists of about 25,000 civil servants and a staff of 28 Commissioners who are sent by each Member State on five-year contracts. Overall, the Commission has four main roles within the EU. It has the power to initiate legislation; it acts as the guardian of EU treaties, and therefore supervises each Member State to make sure that they correctly implement and conform to EU law; it manages the EU’s budget and spending programmes (in conjunction with national governments); and it represents the EU internationally in specific areas such as trade (e.g. WTO). However, one would be wrong in thinking that the Commission’s powers are unlimited.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 9
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

The European Commission is the most powerful institution and his power is unlimited. Has the right of initiative to adopt legislatives. The Councils of Ministers represents the interest of the national governaments of the member states. The task to implement legislation through the adoption of executive measures, except for specific cases where the Council of Ministers maintains this power for itself.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 8
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 0
Expert vote

I tend not to stant for the fact that european comission is the most powerfull part of this triange, exactly because there is a triangle and a interdepndency between all the three parts. Of course The European Commission has got the legislative initiative, its proposal being needed for all new legislation, it monitors compliance with legislation and with the Treaties, and administers common policies. According to this, the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament can only legislate on the basis of a Commission proposal. Also the Commission applies its power of initiative by building on three main tasks: one, an exclusive right of initiative (the Commission was supposed to be able to adopt legislative proposals that would be based on the most advanced national legislation or on innovative regulation that pursued the interest of the entire Union); two, the power to amend proposals (after having adopted a legislative proposal, the Commission has the right to amend it during the decision-making process, it can facilitate the adoption of a legislative act by the Council if a majority of Member States are ready to agree; and three, the power to eliminate proposals:this is possible when, first the proposal is no longer relevant because of external evolutions; second, there is a serious risk that the legislator adopts an act that goes beyond the objective of the proposal; third, there is a serious risk that the legislator depreciate the content of the proposal. And yes, we can say that the power held by the Eu Comission is the bi8ggest, but there must be underlined the limits of this comission. Saying that one of the parts of this triangle is the most powerfull, diminuates the power of the otheer two, thiws being both unfair and incorrect, because they function properly while working together and by paying and having the same mount of power, even tough one of them has more thinbs to be done in its suborder.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 10
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 1
Expert vote

I argue that the European Commission is not the most powerful institution of the European Union. To begin with, I understand power as the ability to constrain another to abide by the will of the entity exercising the power. By this definition, the European Council and the Council of the European Union are the most powerful institutions of the European Union. First, the European Union institutions are the agents of member states' will. While an agent may have some room to forward its own agenda, it cannot exist without the will of the principle. It is no wonder, then, why the rise of anti-EU parties has been hailed as existential threats to the EU, which the European Commission has no intrinsic mechanism to protect. Furthermore, its scope of action is purposefully kept weak by the member states, as could be seen in the case of the Euro crisis, the migration crisis, and European foreign and defence policy more broadly. While the European Union has achieved some success in its external action or when it comes to the external dimension of its internal policies, crises or highly sensitive political issues are resolved at the level of the European Council, member states, not at the level of the Commission. Second, it might be argued that the European Commission is powerful in policy-making. In terms of policy-making, the majority of the European Commission's policy proposals must undergo the ordinary legislative procedure. While the European Commission does yield some influence as far as agenda-setting and policy take-back are concerned, no output is possible without agreement between the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. Even when agenda-setting is considered, the European Commission generally abides by the political guidelines the European Council sets. Again, the prevalence of the member states is evident. Third, the leadership of the European Commission consists of weak political figures and depends on the other institutions. The Council proposes the President of the European Commission, most recently from the Spitzenkandidaten, and the European Parliament must give its consent to the College of Commissioners. Also, no political hard-hitters have taken the helm in the Commission. For example, the choice of Mr Barroso as a Commission President was seen at the time as the lowest common denominator between the member states. Therefore, the European Commission does not hold primacy in protecting the European Union and in providing political leadership. Whereas it is not my purpose to understate its benefits, which are many, power to constrain is not a prerogative of the European Commission. By this definition, the member states as the principles yield most power through the Council of the European Union and European Council. In the institutional triangle, the European Commission is constrained rather than the one constraining. Note: I include the European Council as part of the 'triangle' since it was recognised as an institution by the Treaty of Lisbon and is responsible for the European Union's political vision.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 8
Peer vote
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Total votes: 1
Expert vote